Shame without the "Eye of Others" (an Ethical Analysis of the Desocialized Conception of Shame)
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Shame without the "Eye of Others" (an Ethical Analysis of the Desocialized Conception of Shame)
Annotation
PII
S0236-20070000392-2-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Edition
Pages
38-51
Abstract
The paper analyses advantages and disadvantages of shame as a means to fulfill moral values. The theoretical framework of the research is the conception of shame that defines this emotion not through its context (the other persons' awareness of some transgression), but through special features of negative self-assessment. The supporters of this, desocialized, interpretation of shame maintain that shame appears when an agent negatively assesses his/her own personality, whereas guilt is a form of negative assessment of her particular transgressive action. In psychology, this approach is developed on the basis of researches of H.B. Lewis and J.P. Tangney. In philosophy, it is represented by the analysis of shame and guilt in 'A Theory of Justice' by J. Rawls. The desocialized interpretation of shame becomes а source of several accusations against this emotion. Shame allegedly ruins the personality of moral agent drawing him/her into depression, inhibits emphatic reactions, blocks actions that repair or compensate damage, triggers anger and aggression, impedes moral self-reform. These criticisms generated the bold ameliorative project to drive shame from interpersonal relations and social practice and to replace it by guilt. The author holds that the accusations against shame rest on some serious mistakes. First, critics employ an incorrect definition of shame and thereby wrongly distribute negative effects between such headings as 'shame' and 'guilt'. Second, they miss the complementary nature of these two emotions. The shortcomings of shame and guilt are remedied not only through the rationalization of each of them but on the basis of their proper interplay.
Keywords
SHAME, GUILT, CRITICISM OF SHAME, REHABILITATION OF SHAME, MORAL PSYCHOLOGY
Date of publication
01.08.2017
Number of purchasers
1
Views
498
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf
1

References



Additional sources and materials

  1. Apresyan R.G. Smysl morali // Moral': Raznoobrazie ponyatij i smyslov: K 75-letiyu akad. A.A. Gusejnova. M.: Al'fa-M, 2014. S. 41-45.
  2. Benedikt R. Khrizantema i mech: Modeli yaponskoj kul'tury. M.: ROSSPEhN, 2004.
  3. Rolz Dzh. Teoriya spravedlivosti. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo Novosibir. un-ta, 1995. S. 389-390.
  4. Deonna J.A., Rodogno V., Teroni F. In Defense of Shame: the Faces of an Emotion. N.Y.: Oxford Univ. Press, 2012.
  5. Gert B. Morality: Its Nature and Justification. N.Y.: Oxford Univ. Press, 2005. R. 159-275.
  6. Gibbard A. Wise Choices, Apt Feelings: A Theory of Normative Judgment. N.Y.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1990. R. 297-298.
  7. Gilbert P. The Evolution of Social Attractiveness and its Role in Shame, Humiliation, Guilt and Therapy // Brit. J. of Med. Psychol. 1997. Vol. 70, N 2. P. 113-147.
  8. Gilligan J. Shame, Guilt, and Violence // Social Research. 2003. Vol. 70, N 4. P. 1149-1180.
  9. Haidt J. The Moral Emotions // Handbook of Affective Sciences / ed. by R.J. Davidson, K.R. Scherer, H.H. Goldsmith. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2003. P. 859-860.
  10. Heller A. The Power of Shame // Dialectical Anthropol. 1982. Vol. 6, N3. P. 215-228.
  11. Lewis H.B. Shame and Guilt in Neurosis. N.Y.: Intern. Univ. Press, 1971.
  12. Mead M. Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples. N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Book So., 1937.
  13. Piers G. Shame and Guilt: A Psychoanalytic Study // Piers G., Singer M.B. Shame and Guilt. N.Y.: Norton, 1953. P. 15-55.
  14. Scheff T., Retzinger S. Emotions and Violence: Shame and Rage in Destructive Conflicts. Lincoln: iUniverse, 2001.
  15. Scheff T.J. Shame in Self and Society // Symbolic Interaction. 2003. Vol. 26, N 2. P. 239-262.
  16. Tangney J.P., Dearing R.L. Shame and Guilt. N.Y.: Guilford Press, 2002.
  17. Tangney J.P., Stuewig J. Shame and Guilt in Antisocial and Risky Behaviors // The Self-Conscious Emotions: Theory and Research / ed. by J.L.Tracy, R.W. Robins, J.P. Tangney. N.Y.: Guilford Press, 2007. P. 371-388.
  18. Taylor G. Pride, Shame, and Guilt: Emotions of Self-Assessment. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985. R. 89-92.
  19. Williams B. Shame and Necessity. Berkeley: California Univ. Press, _ 7 1993. R. 98

Comments

No posts found

Write a review
Translate